The Shropshire Union Canal, known affectionately as the ‘Shroppie’, links the canal system of the West Midlands, at Wolverhampton, with the River Mersey and Manchester Ship Canal at Ellesmere Port, Cheshire. It’s a canal that runs along a scenic route, mostly open farmland of Staffordshire, Shropshire and Cheshire in the north-west of England.
The Shropshire Union Canal includes two navigable branches, the Middlewich Branch and the River Dee Branch. The Middlewich Branch runs from Barbridge Junction to the Trent & Mersey Canal at Middlewich, whilst the River Dee Branch runs from the main line at Chester to the tidal River Dee.
A brief history of the Shropshire Union Canal
The Shropshire Union Canal is formed from a number of different waterways that were built during the whole canal building era of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
The earliest section to be built was the Chester Canal in the 1770s, which ran from the River Dee in Chester to Nantwich. This wasn’t a great commercial success and was subsequently rescued by the building of the Ellesmere Canal, completed in 1797, which linked Chester to Ellesmere Port.
The engineer Thomas Telford masterminded this section of the canal, calling it a ‘contour canal’, so called because the line of the Shropshire Union Canal follows the natural contours of the land. This initial section of the ‘Shroppie’ lead to businesses growing and developing alongside the canal, such as pottery works and chain making factories.
The branch from Middlewich opened in 1833, allowing the transport of clay to be taken to the Potteries and then crockery to be exported via Ellesmere Port. Then the canal from Nantwich to Autherley Junction (near Wolverhampton) was completed in 1835. This formed the Birmingham & Liverpool Junction Canal which provided a direct route from the industrial West Midlands to Ellesmere Port where exports grew.
All these canals, together with what are now the Llangollen and Montgomery Canals merged in the mid 1840s to create the Shropshire Union Railways & Canal Company. The SUR&CC was one of the few companies which constructed both a canal and a railway.
Top Shropshire Union Canal Facts
The Shropshire Union runs from the large town of Wolverhampton in the Midlands, where it leaves the Staffordshire and Worcester Canal at Autherley Junction, and it heads north towards Cheshire, the River Mersey and finally ending at Ellesmere Port.
Not long after leaving Wolverhampton the route breaks out into open countryside through to the village of Brewood. Carry on and you’ll come to the Stretton Aqueduct, constructed by Thomas Telford which goes over the old Roman road, now known as the A5!
You’ll cruise the the villages of Wheaton Aston, Church Eaton and Gnosall, through Cowley Tunnel and out into the rolling countryside again, eventually reaching Norbury Junction. You’ll can continue on here to the little market town of Market Drayton, which is closely followed by the Adderley Locks, and then the famous Audlem Flight of locks which lower you down to the Cheshire Plain.
The canal continues northwards, passing near the large town of Nantwich, which has a busy canal basin and it is not long before you reach Hurleston Junction where the llangollen Canal branches off to the west.
After leaving Hurleston Junction the Shroppie wends its way travelling north westerly towards Barbridge Junction, which is where the Middlewich branch of the canal turns off to the north west and the towns of Middlewich and Northwich, both very important in canal terms.
After Barbridge junction the Shroppie heads west towards Beeston and then on to Chester. The route of the canal takes you right through the centre of this picturesque old Roman city. You’ll then continue northwards towards Ellesmere Port.
Feats of Engineering on the Shropshire Union
Parts of the canal that were last built used techniques borrowed from the latest railway building methods, for example taking a direct line cross country, on embankments and through cuttings. Shelmore embankment took six years to build and Woodseaves cutting is 100 feet deep for example. The Shelmore Embankment is 1 mile long and the lengthy embankment is equipped with flood gates at both ends to prevent loss of water should the canal be breached in this area.